Despite the isolation and relative peace of the Tokugawa period, Japan’s emergence as a modern nation, beginning with the Meiji Restoration, was born of conflict and military struggle. Leaders of the Meiji government from the Satsuma and Choshu fiefs played a central role in Japan’s military as well, and through the end of World War II the military was a separate entity in government, with the right to appeal directly to the emperor. During the Meiji period, Japan entered into two major conflicts with other nations, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95 and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–5. Both of these victories brought great pride and a sense of national unity to Japan, and several writers, including Masaoka Shiki and Mori Ogai, were involved in the war efforts, while other writers, such as Yosano Akiko and Kinoshita Naoe, expressed antiwar sentiments and concern in their writings over the rising militarism of the time. Although military power waned somewhat during the 1910s and 1920s, the Great Depression and Western trade barriers encouraged the Japanese to embrace militarization as a safeguard against foreign threats, and Japan witnessed increasing military control and interference in political and social arenas. By the late 1920s, many writers had either chosen to join the propaganda campaign or remain silent for fear of military and police reprisal. The military-initiated conflict with China that led to World War II began a dark period for Japanese writers, of whom many were conscripted into military service. Immediately following the war, with pacifism as the new national doctrine, literature saw a flowering of output as such writers as Ooka Shohei sought to come to grips with the horrors of war, defeat, and the Occupation. In recent years, increasing Japan Self Defense Forces involvement in foreign military operations has led to widespread national and international debate on Japan’s global military role.

Historical dictionary of modern Japanese literature and theater. . 2009.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • militarism — MILITARÍSM s.n. Politică de subordonare a activităţii de stat, şi prin aceasta a întregii vieţi sociale, intereselor de mărire a potenţialului militar şi de pregătire pentru război, precum şi de menţinere cu ajutorul forţei a relaţiilor de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Militarism —    Militarism is an excessive influence of military over civil institutions in the political realm, customarily combined with the popularization of military virtues in the social sphere. The term became a common pejorative in Europe during the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Militarism — Mil i*ta*rism, n. [Cf. F. militarisme.] [1913 Webster] 1. A military state or condition; a military system; reliance on military force in administering government. [1913 Webster] 2. The spirit and traditions of military life. H. Spencer. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • militarism — (n.) 1864, from Fr. militarisme, from militaire military (see MILITARY (Cf. military)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • militarism — ► NOUN ▪ the belief that a country should maintain and readily use strong armed forces. DERIVATIVES militarist noun & adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • militarism — [mil′ə tə riz΄əm] n. [Fr militarisme] 1. military spirit; attitudes of professional soldiers 2. the glorification or prevalence of such a spirit, attitudes, etc. in a nation, or the predominance of the military caste in government 3. the policy… …   English World dictionary

  • Militarism — Not to be confused with Militarization, Millerism, or Millenarism. Warfare Military history Eras Prehistoric …   Wikipedia

  • militarism — [[t]mɪ̱lɪtərɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT (disapproval) Militarism is a country s desire to strengthen their armed forces in order to make themselves more powerful. The country slipped into a dangerous mixture of nationalism and militarism …   English dictionary

  • militarism — noun an ideology which claims that the military is the foundation of a societys security, and thereby claims to be its most important aspect Ant: anti militarism …   Wiktionary

  • militarism — mil|i|ta|ris|m [ˈmılıtərızəm] n [U] the belief that a country should build up its military forces and use them to protect itself and get what it wants ▪ a country emerging from 20 years of militarism and political repression >militarist n… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”